Technical Interventions
Summary of Technical Interventions
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PROJECT ACTIVITY TECHNICAL INTERVENTION ENVISAGED OUTCOMES
Baseline ecological and socio-economic surveys in project sites Establishment of protected area boundaries and internal zoning defining areas where activities that could have negative impacts on biodiversity (including grazing, wood harvesting, collection of non-timber forest products, hunting, and tourism) should be limited, excluded or confined. Conservation of valuable ecosystems / species
Ongoing biodiversity monitoring and feedback to protected area and conservation management planing Dynamic adjustment of internal zoning to update/modify measures for limiting / excluding managing negative influence of different activities on biodiversity. Targeted conservation interventions, including habitat management and restoration in degraded areas such as alpine pastures damaged by grazing, control of invasive species, reintroduction of species. Conservation of valuable ecosystems/species
Restoration of degraded areas
Grazing studies, feedback to grazing committee's and development of grazing management systems Limiting grazing pressure to sustainable levels
Excluding grazing from vulnerable areas
Conservation of valuable ecosystems/species Sustainable use of natural resources
Eco-tourism assessment and support Limiting number of tourists visiting vulnerable areas Focusing impacts of tourists to non vulnerable areas through establishing trail systems and camping facilities Conservation of valuable ecosystems/species Conservation linked economic benefits for local communities
Small grants to support Participatory mechanisms for decision making Partnerships with the private sector to support conservation activities Development of micro-enterprises that benefit local communities and parks Economic benefits for local communities to benefit protected areas Local support for protected areas
Incorporation of biodiversity considerations in forest management planning Modification of forest resource harvesting levels and techniques Conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of resources in production forests
Intersectoral, participatory development of national law, local regulations and protected area management plans Modification of natural resource management (e.g., forest, agricultural and common land, and water management, etc) in the production landscape, and infrastructure developments Maintenance/rehabilitation of biodiversity in the production landscape
Bison reintroduction program Re-establishment of breeding population of European bison. Reconstruction and maintenance of forest/meadow ecosystems and improved public awareness and support for biodiversity conservation
Public awareness and education programs Visitor centers and interpretation of sites for visitors Teachers training Outdoor classrooms for schoolchildren in protected areas Improved national and local support for biodiversity conservation resulting from increased awareness, and appreciation of the values of biodiversity and the opportunities and benefits of conservation and protected area management