Technical Interventions
Project Design Summary
Biodiversity Conservation Management

Narrative Summary Key Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Critical Risks and Assuptions
Sector-Related Goals      
CAS Goal: Protection of Romania's environment by establishing mechanisms to protect its rich biodiversity heritage.
GEF Goal: Sustainable conservation of the biological diversity and ecological integrity of mountain, forest and meadow ecosystems, and associated landscapes of the Carpathians.
No significant loss of Carpathian biodiversity, forest cover or viability of Carpathian ecosystem. Biodiversity monitoring system. National forest inventory. Destruction of biodiversity may begin and national authorities will fail to discover the damage in time to take action. The human population in Romania has now reached the level at which traditional uses of biodiversity are not viable in the long run. Protecting biodiversity contributes positively to local communities, the national economy, and the welfare of the Romanian people.
Project Development Objective      
Establish effective inter-sectoral, participatory planning and sustainable management of natural ecosystems and associated landscapes at three demonstration sites in the Carpathian mountains, and mechanisms to support their replication at other priority conservation sites. Laws, Ministerial Orders and regulations for biodiversity conservation issued and ratified. Strategy for developing a national protected area network completed and adopted. Strategy to incorporate biodiversity in forest management planning developed and adopted. Effectively functioning models of conservation management planning established at the field level. No adverse impacts of increased tourism on biodiversity. Strategy for sustainable eco-tourism developed and being implemented. No increase in adverse impacts of resource use (grazing, forest products, etc) on the biodiversity of project sites. European bison reintroduction program being implemented. Public awareness strategy completed and functioning effectively. Ministerial orders, protected area legislation and regulation. Records of consultative boards and working groups. Progress and supervision reports. Influential groups may resist substantive reforms in management of biodiversity conservation sites that will endanger their current free access to natural resources. Given GoR's fiscal constraints, models proven managerially and technically feasible in the project areas may not be replicable. Public support for biodiversity conservation may develop more slowly than the rate that would have been required to support government actions in time to avoid permanent damage to Romania's biodiversity. Implementation agencies may be unable to attract and retain qualified staff.
Project outputs      
1. National legal and regulatory Framework for biodiversity conservation established and mechanisms to replicate experience at demonstration sites at other protected areas in place. Legal and regulatory basis for planning, managing and monitoring biodiversity conservation established. Laws amended to be consistent with the protected area law and international treaties and agreement regarding biodiversity conservation that Romania has ratified. Strategy developed to incorporate biodiversity conservation concerns into forest management planning. National consultative boards in place and functioning effectively Project progress reports. Supervision reports. Political differences may delay passage of laws and amendments required. DNBC may fail to realize that successful central plans can only be developed from experience gained during actual field planning. Influential groups may resist placement of new protected areas if their free access to natural resources will be restricted. NFA may find incorporating biodiversity conservation into existing forestry practices threatening in the short run, and burdensome in the long run.
2. Two protected area and one Forest Park model established and effectively managed for biodiversity conservation. Protected area management plans developed and in use. Baseline ecological surveys completed and biodiversity monitoring systems operational Land use plans for areas adjacent to conservation sites adjusted to reflect biodiversity conservation concerns. Model mechanisms established that are expected to eliminate non-sustainable stakeholder behaviors for managing grazing, hunting and collection of forest products. Increasing numbers of eco-tourists visit the project sites with no increase in % of areas degraded by their impacts. Breeding herd of European Bison established at Neamt and strategy developed for subsequently reintroducing the species into the wild. Two forest districts develop and implement models of forest management plans that integrate biodiversity conservation concerns. Project progress reports. Supervision reports. Park management plans. Communes that own grazing rights and hunters associations may mount opposition to the proposed sites. Influential stakeholders may skew distribution of benefits from commonly managed resources, and thereby destroy the incentive for weaker members of the community to participate in the new arrangements for resource management. Developers may resist constraints on their investments that arise from biodiversity concerns. Bison that survive in managed areas may fail to establish a viable population in the wild. Forest harvesting that meets standards for independently certifiable forest management that will conserve biodiversity may not be adequately financially profitable in Romania.
3. Programs in place at national level and at the project sites that raise public awareness of biodiversity conservation needs and opportunities. Increased public awareness of biodiversity conservation issues over baseline. Ecological education packages developed for use in primary and secondary schools. Project progress reports. Supervision reports. Public Awareness Strategy and Action Plan. People may understand the connection between biodiversity and livelihoods but still not be concerned about long term problems. The time required for publicity campaigns to affect people's understanding of biodiversity conservation and behavior may exceed the patience of officials to see results. Teachers may be resistant to add to their pedagogic responsibilities.

Narrative Summary Key Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Critical Risks and Assuptions
Projects Components      
Narrative Summary Key Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Critical Risks and Assuptions
Project Components      
1. Strengthen National Framework for Biodiversity Conservation
Strengthen national laws and regulatory framework.
Strengthen capacity of DNBC to plan and lead biodiversity conservation.
Strengthen NFA to Replicate protected areas in Forest Areas.
Develop strategy to incorporate biodivercity concerns into national forest management planning.
US$ 1,097,400 Project progress reports.
Disbursement reports.
Supervision reports.
Minutes of Working Group meetings.
Growing fiscal constraints may reduce the priority that GoR currently places on biodiversity conservation and endanger local counterpart financing of project activities.
Bureaucratic procedures may endanger timely release of funds.
Political changes may threaten governmental support for the project.
2. Develop Models for Protected Area and Forest Park Management
Establish systems for planning and managing biodiversity conservation.
Establish mechanisms to reduce unsustainable resource use.
Establish Eco-Tourism Programs.
Establish program to reintroduce European Bison.
Develop models of forest management practices that reflect biodiversity conservation concerns.
US$ 6,214,700 Project progress reports.
Disbursement reports.
Supervision reports.
Regular site visits.
Monitoring of changes against baseline data.
Applications for small grants.
Ministerial Order issued that legally confirms project sites (two protected areas and one Forest Park) and specifies the basic principles for their management.
NFA maintain staff and office support for PMAs.
3. Build Public Support for Biodiversity Conservation US$ 721,700 Project progress reports.
Disbursement reports.
Supervision reports.
4. Project Management and Monitoring US$ 761,000 Supervision reports. Ministry maintains staff and office support for PCT.