Incremental Costs Matrix
Incremental Costs Matrix


Component Sector Cost Category US$ Million Domestic Benefit Global Benefit
Strengthen the national framework for biodiversity conservation. Baseline - Limited national level capacity to plan and manage biodiversity, raise public awareness and develop a system of protected areas.  
  With GEF Alternative 1.10   Effective national level public sector capacity to: (a) plan and lead biodiversity conservation, (b) raise awareness, (c) implement prioritized protected area and conservation management interventions, and (d) manage forest ecosystems to incorporate conservation of biodiversity of international significance.
  Incremental 1.10    
Estalish systems for biodiversity conservation planning and management at three project sites, including two protected areas and one forest park. Baseline 0.85 Limited capacity to plan and implement protected area management in forests and adjacent landscapes in Romania  
  With GEF Alternative 5.15   Sustainable integrated conservation management in three areas of internationally important biological diversity; and associated buffer zones; increased local, national and international understanding of threats to globally significant biodiversity at these sites, and meaningful participation of local stakeholders in protected area management activities.
  Incremental 4.30    
Establish mechanisms to reduce non-sustainable resource use. Baseline 0.11 Economic benefits from sustainably managed natural resources and tourist activities.  
  With GEF Alternative 0.79   Sustainable management of natural resources in ecosystems containing biodiversity of global significance, with particular emphasis on deciduous, conifer and mixed forests, alpine pastures and meadows.
Ecosystem management will target protected area and buffer zone land-use planning, and will raise understanding of the role biodiversity plays in sustainable development; and of opportunities to maintain these values in the production landscapes, thereby reducing pressure on core protected area ecosystems.
  Incremental 0.68    
Establish eco-tourism programs. Baseline - Limited increase in tourism visitation at project sites  
  With GEF Alternative 0.25   Development and implementation of an eco-tourism strategy that manages impacts of tourism on biodiversity, and links economic benefits with sustainable conservation of internationally important biodiversity and landscapes
  Incremental 0.25    
Establish program to reintroduce European bison. Baseline - Captive herd of breeding bison  
  With GEF Alternative 0.84   Reestablished wild population indigenous bison providing natural mechanism to reconstruct and maintain natural ecosystem diversity, and raise awareness of its international significance.
  Incremental 0.84    
Develop models of forest management practices that reflect biodiversity conservation concerns. Baseline 0.04 Sustainable forest management and production of forest resources  
  With GEF Alternative 0.18   Sustainable forest management, production of forest resources, and conservation of biological diversity of international importance
  Incremental 0..14    
Develop models of forest management practices that reflect biodiversity conservation concerns. Baseline 0.04 Sustainable forest management and production of forest resources  
  With GEF Alternative 0.72   Increased public awareness of the importance of conservation of globally significant biodiversity in Romania, of the linkages between international and national interestes in biodiversity conservation, and of the issues that need to be addressed in order to achieve this objective.
  Incremental 0.72    
Project management Baseline - Not applicable  
  With GEF Alternative 0.76   Not applicable
  Incremental 0.76    
Totals Baseline 1.0    
  With GEF Alternative 9.8    
Incremental 8.8