Table 3: List of Objectives and Priority Actions

 

Primary Objective

Major Activities

Target Outputs

1

Conservation of Romanian ecosystems and habitats by creating a national system of protected areas networks. 1-5 years
  • Elaboration and implementation of pilot projects for the management of national parks and natural reserves.
  • Constitution of a protected areas network by assessing the status of the existing and of the proposed areas.
  • Designing and organisation of the informative system for protected areas.

5-10 years

  • Comprehensive management plans for all the national parks and biosphere reserves in order to ensure the conservation of biological diversity.
  • Organisation of monitoring in the protected areas.
  • Expansion of the network of protected areas in order to cover all the types of ecosystems and habitats, and all the plant and wild animal species which are of special interest.
 
  • Management plans that can be used as models in other protected areas
  • Biological diversity conservation in remarkable areas.
  • Comprehensive database for biodiversity and nature protection

 

  • Biological diversity conservation in exceptional areas
  • Monitoring of biological diversity
  • Biological diversity conservation in remarkable areas.

2

Threatened endemic, rare wild species and those with a high economic value in-situ and ex-situ conserved 1-5 years
  • Elaboration of plans for the conservation of threatened species and of those with great economic value.
  • Reintroduction of some extinct species in ecosystems with favourable conditions.
  • Identification and creation of green corridors in order to implement the “EECONET” concept.
  • Monitoring of threatened species.

5-10 years

  • Organisation of the national network of units necessary for in-situ and ex-situ conservation of threatened species.
  • Organisation of the network for the conservation of genetic resources of flora and wild fauna outside the protected areas.
 
  • Conservation of threatened species
  • Restoration of biological diversity and ecosystem equilibrium..
  • Avoiding the isolation of species
  • Monitoring system for biological diversity.
  • In-situ and ex-situ conservation of species.

3

Establishment of necessary legislative framework and institutional capability for biological diversity conservation 1-5 years
  • Elaboration and promotion of the law for protected areas and natural monuments.
  • Assignment of authorities to co-ordinate actions concerning biological diversity conservation
  • Creation of special departments for biological diversity conservation in the organisations that manage biological resources in order to integrate the conservation measures from the national strategy into the management of these resources.
  • Elaboration of a system of regulations for sustainable use of natural resources in order to conserve the biological diversity.

5-10 years

  • Creation of a decentralised management system for different categories of protected areas.
 
  • Legitimate legislation of protected areas
  • Coordination of actions for biological diversity conservation at the national level.
  • Conservation and enhancement of biological diversity.
  • Conservation and enhancement of biodiversity.

 

  • Ensuring the management of the protected areas.

4

Department strategies which integrate objectives of the National Strategy for Biological Diversity Conservation.

1-5 years
  • Revision of the technologies and management of biological resources in accordance with the objectives for biological diversity conservation.

5-10 years

  • Implementation of new management systems and alternative technologies which conserve biological diversity.
  • Establishment of criteria and indicators for biological diversity monitoring of economic sectors extracting and using natural resources.
 
  • Conservation and enhancement of biological diversity.

 

  • Conservation and enhancement of biological diversity.
  • Monitoring of biological diversity.

5

Conservation and enhancement of biological diversity by the reduction of the negative impacts as well as the ecological restoration of altered ecosystems and habitats. 1-5 years
  • Reduction of industrial pollution in places characterised by a high pollution through co-ordinated actions by the central administration, local communities and NGOs.
  • Reduction and/or prevention of the unselective use of pesticides as well as the promotion of biological pest control.

 

5-20 years

  • Ecologically reconstruction of ecosystems degraded by over-exploitation, pollution, etc.
  • Afforestation as well as the planting of arable lands strongly eroded.
  • Planting on cleared lands covered with waste deposits.
  • Restoration of vegetation clusters and the creation of protective curtains on arable lands
  • Promotion of agricultural technologies that conserve and restore the biological diversity specific to agrosystems.
 
  • Prevention of the reduction of biological diversity.
  • Prevention of the decline in biological diversity.
  • Enhancement of biological diversity.

 

 

  • Restoration of biological diversity in degraded habitats
  • Creation of biological diversity in artificial habitats.
  • Restoration of biological diversity.
  • Conservation and restoration of biological diversity.

6

Protection, conservation and restoration of the biological diversity specific to agrosystems through the implementation of the technologies which favour sustainable agriculture. 1-5 years
  • Inventory and mapping of arable lands non-profitable for intensive exploitation
  • Elaboration of projects to enhance biological diversity on arable lands whose use has been changed.
  • Renaturation of arable lands which are no longer used to enhance biological diversity.
 
  • Monitoring of biological diversity.
  • Enhancement of biological diversity.
  • Enhancement of biological diversity.

7

Specialists and general population trained and educated in biological diversity conservation principles. 1-5 years
  • Creation of a centre for professional training of specialists who will work in the biological diversity conservation field.
  • Introduction of the principles of biological diversity conservation into the education system.
  • Organising the education of the population in biodiversity conservation principles through mass-media.
  • Publishing materials for biological diversity conservation.
 
  • Specialist training
  • Education of the population.
  • Education of the population.

8

Involvement of NGOs and local communities in programmes for biological diversity conservation. 1-5 years
  • Elaboration of economic instruments that can involve local communities in biological diversity conservation.
  • Involvement of NGOs in educational programmes for biological diversity conservation.
  • Involvement of NGOs and local communities in the implementation of management projects for the protected areas.

5-10 years

  • Involvement of NGOs and local communities in actions for completing the network of protected areas.
  • Involvement of NGOs in monitoring biological diversity.
 
  • Biological diversity conservation.
  • Education of the population.
  • Biological diversity conservation.

 

  • Biological diversity conservation.
  • Biological diversity conservation.

9

Special research and development programmes for biological diversity conservation. 1-5 years
  • Development of a national programme for research on ecological and genetic biological diversity and on the causes for the species decline.
  • Initiation of a national programme for biological diversity research on the basis of landscape, ecosystem and habitat types.
  • Conduct research regarding the necessary density and structure of green corridors.
  • Researches regarding the minimal area need for the conservation of threatened species and habitats.

5-10 years

  • Assessment of biological diversity in areas insufficiently or not at all studied.
  • Development of research for the elaboration of new systems and technologies for a sustainable management of biological resources needed to ensure biological diversity conservation.
  • Research for the elaboration of measures to intervene in the protected areas in order to maintain biological diversity.
  • Elaboration of pilot projects for implementing the results of the research.
 
  • Biological diversity conservation.
  • Biological diversity conservation.
  • Biological diversity conservation

 

 

  • Biological diversity conservation
  • Biological diversity conservation
  • Biological diversity conservation